Turkmenistan has an arid desert climate with extreme summer heat and subfreezing winter temperatures. Turkmenistan enjoys dry, continental climate, with very hot summer (rarely below 35◦C and sometimes up to 45◦C in the south east regions of the Karakum desert. Turkmenistan enjoys 250 days of sun. In the south of Turkmenistan the climate is also slightly continental than in the north and temperature seldom drops below -5◦C. Northern areas on the Uzbek border and Khorezm (Dashoguz) can become very cold in winter with temperatures dropping below  -20◦C. 

The best months for moderate temperatures are April and May for beautiful blossoming deserts and mountains. September and October are great for an abundance of fresh fruit and vegetable due to the harvest season. There is snow in the north and above 1000m. in the mountains in January and February.


UTC + 5 hours (Universal Time Coordinated). By way of comparison: Frankfurt is +1 hour in winter and +2 hour in summer, meaning that the time difference between Frankfurt and Ashgabat is four hours in winter and tree hour in summer.


Map of Turkmenistan